Modern analytical speciation techniques such as DGT, PLM, DMT, stripping voltammetries, ligand exchange methods, SPME, radiotracer techniques, etc. will be discussed in methodological detail. The thermodynamic background of metal ion binding by simple ligands, macromolecular complexing agents, colloids and nanoparticles will be a key topic. Known equilibrium speciation codes will be tested in interactive exercises. Dynamic features of complex systems, including their lability characteristics, will be discussed on the basis of the underlying reaction kinetics and the pertinent molecular transport conditions. Rates of biomembrane transfer processes will be evaluated in terms of their physicochemical principles, and illustrated by a couple of case studies on metal uptake by animals and plants.
The program is concluded by a session in which participants present their own research topics within the framework of subjects discussed in the course. Participants are welcome to suggest topical issues that merit attention. The various sessions are led by a small international team of specialists. As much as possible, the lectures will be of an interactive nature.