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Natural climate variability causes regular lack of rainfall leading to temporal soil moisture limitation, reduces recharge to groundwater systems and below normal water tables. Eventually, this leads to reduced streamflow and lower water stages. Droughts in the Southeast Asian and Pacific region have links with the El Niño phase of the Southern Oscillation. In tropical peatland areas, which are important reservoirs of biodiversity and carbon dioxide, drought as response to climate variability has many implications, among other is increasing fire risk. Additionally, human intervention has degraded extensive areas of peatland (e.g. forest logging, drainage), which is associated with more permanent below optimal soil moisture contents and water tables leading to both at-site and remote environmental and socio-economic impacts. Restoration measures are urgently required.
This 3-day workshop aims to increase knowledge on drought, including drought in groundwater and river flow (hydrological drought). Underlying hydroclimatological processes will be identified and discussed, methods to identify drought and to assess fire risk will be tested with time series of hydroclimatic data. Impact of global change (e.g. climate and landuse) on future drought and fire risk will be investigated and linked to water scarcity (higher water use than water available).
The workshop is not a straightforward workshop with presentation of experts only. It offers the participants a dynamic, interactive learning work environment, where active participation is required. The lecturers will provide the background on the drought and water scarcity in different parts of the world (humid tropics, (semi-)arid, temperate humid) and initiate participant’s own input through supervised assignments, incl. presentation of outcome. Moreover, a poster presentation of own research will ensure sharing of knowledge among all participants.
The workshop is an international training event and is organized in the context of the subproject “Hydrological drought in the Kapuas river basin (West Kalimantan): understanding the role of subsurface water” as part of the Joint Research Projects SPIN1 2012-2016 “Hydrology-geomorphology links in the Kapuas River system”, Kalimantan, Indonesia. In this programme there is cooperation between Indonesia (Research Center for Geotechnology, LIPI, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Bandung; Research Centre for Limnology, LIPI, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Cibinong; ITB Bandung Institute of Technology; UNTAN Tanjungpura University, Pontianak) and the Netherlands (Wageningen University; Delft University of Technology). The workshop also receives strong support from the Asia Pacific Centre for Ecohydrology (APCE), International Center for Interdisciplinary and Advanced Research (ICIAR) and the UNESCO Regional Office in Jakarta (Indonesia). UNESCO will support participants from Pakistan and Mongolia.
PhD students, postdocs or junior scientist from the Asian and the Pacific region are encouraged to apply, i.e. people in their early academic career working in the field of drought and water scarcity. Max. 20-25 participants will be invited. We also strive to achieve a good gender balance.
> Course flyer (pdf)