Research School for Socio-Economic and
Natural Sciences of the Environment
Research School for Socio-Economic and
Natural Sciences of the Environment

Somayeh Shadkam Torbati

Date: 29 May 2017
Time: 16:00 - 17:30
Location: Aula, building 362, Gen. Foulkesweg 1, Wageningen

Dissertation title: 

Preserving Urmia Lake in A Changing World: Reconciling anthropogenic and climate drivers by hydrological modelling and policy assessment

Group: Wageningen University, Earth System Science
Promotors: Prof.dr. P. Kabat
Co-promotors: Prof.dr. F. Ludwig

Extra information:


Urmia Lake, in north-western Iran, is an important internationally recognized natural area. Over the last 20 years, the water level and surface area of Urmia Lake have declined by 80%. This research first assessed the main reasons for the decreased inflow. The results showed that climate change was the main contributor to that. In the second step, the study assessed Urmia lake inflow under future climate change and irrigation scenarios. The result showed that if future climate change is highly limited inflow can be just enough to meet the Lake requirements. The third step assessed the impacts of the Restoration Plan (ULRP) under future climate change and socio-economic scenarios. Results suggested that ULRP is unlikely to reach its target. In the last step the research analysed experts’ views on Urmia Lake Restoration Program. The analysis showed that experts put more value on controlling water demand rather increasing water supply. To sustainable restoration of Urmia Lake, this thesis proposes an adaptive water management and governance.