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A connected ocean: new approaches, new technologies, new challenges for knowledge of ocean processes
The ocean plays a major role in the earth climate, storing heat and carbon dioxide. Human activities put marine ecosystems under a growing pressure: ocean acidification and deoxygenation resulting from greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, marine pollution, or increased pressure by fishing. In order to build scenarios for the future and better manage our oceans, more accurate, complete, and integrated ocean observing systems are necessary. Ocean observation products have considerably increased in the past decades, in quality, quantity, and diversity. As new technologies and data processing tools are reshaping our knowledge of the ocean, integrating the data from observations into a coherent and standard managing system remains a huge challenge in our digital era.
At an international level there is already such “current efforts of scientists and engineers to design tools and methods to explore the "blue economy" of the ocean's depths and understand its critical interactions with the earth's ecosystem”. For instance, the EU promotes projects around an Integrated Atlantic Ocean Observing System.
The challenge for future ocean knowledge and data integration sets the stage for this conference.